Marine Mammal Observers and Passive Acoustic Monitoring operators
A marine mammal observer (MMO) performing visual observations during industrial operations. © OSC 2019.
employs highly qualified MMOs
operators, whenever possible these are full-time OSC staff, allowing us to provide consistent high-quality services. All of OSC’s MMOs
and PAM operators
have marine biology (or equivalent) undergraduate degrees as a minimum requirement and have also undergone extensive pre-employment long-term trainee programmes. The majority of our MMOs
are also trained PAM operators
, which allows a high degree of flexibility in the offshore working environment. All our observers
hold the full suite of up-to-date offshore training and medical certificates
, are fully-insured and benefit from 24-hour land-based logistical and expert technical support throughout the entire survey duration. All OSC MMOs
and PAM operators
are contractually obliged to stay up-to-date on all marine mammal mitigation guidelines allowing us to know exactly what is required in your area.
OSC specialises in marine mammal mitigation
. Operating world-wide since 2004, with offices in Scotland
, and New Zealand
, OSC’s scientists have worked for a wide-range of clients
including the military, Boskalis, BASF, CGGVeritas, Dragados, Fugro, Gardline, Horizon Geosciences, Maritech, Maersk, MEWO, Noble, Noble Denton, OTAQ, Petrogas, PGS, RSK, RWE Dea, Scottish Power Renewables, SFF, Shell, SLR, Subsea7, Tulip Oil, Wintershall, to name a but few. OSC’s services are regularly praised, with much custom from repeat clients. Client testimonials are also available upon request. OSC is contracted both directly or subcontracted and adhere strictly to confidentiality agreements.
Hastie, G., Merchant, N.D., Götz, T., Russell, D.J., Thompson, P., and Janik, V.M. (2019): Effects of impulsive noise on marine mammals: investigating range‐dependent risk. Ecological Applications
JNCC (2017): JNCC guidelines for minimising the risk of injury and disturbance to marine mammals from geophysical surveys Aberdeen. 28 pp.
Markus, T., and Sánchez, P.P.S. (2018): Managing and regulating underwater noise pollution. In M. Salomon, and T. Markus (Eds): Handbook on Marine Environment Protection : Science, Impacts and Sustainable Management
. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 971-995.
Von Benda-Beckmann, A.M., Wensveen, P.J., Kvadsheim, P.H., Lam, F.-P.A., Miller, P.J.O., Tyack, P.L., and Ainslie, M.A. (2014): Modeling effectiveness of gradual increases in source level to mitigate effects of sonar on marine mammals. Conservation Biology 28